This list includes just a few of the countless victims from February 2019 to September 2020.


Alaa Mashthoub 

Assassinated on February 2, 2019

Alaa Mashthoub was an Iraqi writer, journalist, and novelist. He was famous for his brave conversations when speaking against the Islamic parties and Shiite militias. He was constantly criticizing the standard of living in his city, Karbala, and Iraq as a whole. Mashthoub was assassinated with 13 bullets on late Saturday evening, February 2, 2019, in front of his house on Maytham Al-Tammar Street in the center of Karbala governorate. He died immediately. Alaa Mashthoub obtained a doctorate in fine arts in 2014 and has written numerous research papers and studies in his field of specialization. He was a member of several syndicates, including “the Iraqi Journalists Syndicate,” and a member of the “General Union for the Literaries and Writers in Iraq” as well as “the Iraqi Peace and Solidarity Association.”




Safaa Al-Saray

Killed on October 28, 2019

Safaa Al-Saray was a social media blogger who focused on promoting civil and political rights in Iraq, and who had participated in anti-corruption demonstrations in 2011, 2013 and 2015. On October 28, 2019, Safaa Al-Saray was struck on his head by a tear gas cannister shot at him as he participated in demonstrations in Baghdad. He died from his injuries shortly afterwards.




Amjad al-Dahamat

Assassinated on November 6, 2019

Amjad al-Dahamat was assassinated on late Wednesday, November 6, 2019. He was considered one of the most prominent activists and leaders of the demonstrations in Maysan Governorate in southern Iraq. The assassination was carried out near his home, after his return from the sit-in protest in the center of Maysan. Amjad al-Dahamat was a civil activist and a columnist for the Arabic section of Rudaw Media Network. In his last article, published on Rudraw Arab website on October 24, 2019, he wrote about ‘youth and politics.’ In the article, al-Dahamat discussed how the issue remains in the hands of the young people themselves. He compared the protests that took place in France in May 1968 with the protests in Iraq, and he discussed the role of the youth. He mentioned that in France, young people repeatedly said, “Do not give me my freedom, I will take care of it myself,” and in Iraq, the famous slogans are “We want a homeland” and “I am going to take my right.”




Zahara Ali Salman

Murdered on December 2, 2019

On December 2, 2019, 19-year old university student, Zahara Ali Salman, was kidnapped from her home while helping her father prepare food for the demonstrators. Later that night, her family found her body near their home. She had been tortured and killed.





Ali Najim al-Lami

Assassinated on December 11, 2019

Ali Najim al-Lami, 49, was kidnapped when he was on his way to his sister’s home, where he was staying for a couple of days in order to participate in the peaceful protests in Tahrir Square. His body was found on the street in the al-Shaab area in Baghdad at dawn on Wednesday, December 11, 2019. Three bullets were shot into his head. Al-Lami is from al-Kut city, and he is a father to five children. Al-Lami was actively participating in the demonstrations in the capital, Baghdad, and was constantly providing his assistance to the protesters in Tahrir Square when needed. He was also a member of “Wasit Writers Union” and was known for his criticism of Iranian influence in Iraq. Hours before his assassination, Ali Al-Lami had written on his Facebook page that he would not return home unless in a coffin.




Ahmed Abdul-Samad and Safaa Ghali

Assassinated on January 10, 2020

Ahmed Abdul-Samad, 39, was a journalist and a reporter for al-Dijlah TV, working together with his colleague Safaa Ghali, who was a camera operator and photojournalist. They were both assassinated on Friday, January 10, 2020.Gunmen opened fire on their car, after they had ended their coverage of the protests and the sit-in, in the center of Basra governorate. The bullets killed Abdul-Samad immediately. Safaa Ghali was severely injured and lost his life hours after the assassination attempt. Samad was a courageous journalist who used every possibility to convey the voice of demonstrators in Basra governorate. Hours before the assassination, Samad published a video on his Facebook page criticizing the Iraqi security forces for the random arrests of the protesters in Basra.




Abdul-Qudus Qasim and Karrar Adel

Assassinated on March 10, 2020

The activist Abdul-Qudus Qasim (left), and his friend and lawyer Karrar Adel (right), were assassinated by armed men on March 10, 2020, in Hay al-Sinai district in the center of al-Amara in Maysan governorate. Abdul-Qudus Qasim and Karrar Adel were known for their criticism of the corrupt political parties in Iraq, the absence of adequate services, and the poor living conditions. Abdul-Qudus was a prominent artistic name in theater writing and directing. Abdul-Qudus also held theatrical performances in Maysan's prison, as he was interested in discovering the prisoners’ talents and was always trying to improve their social well-being. He was father to three children; two boys, and a girl. Karrar Adel was a human rights lawyer who worked at the Maysan Federal Appeal Court. On March 4, 2020, six days before his assassination, Karrar Adel posted the following quote: “...there are those who want to cut off the head of everyone who awakens people from their slumber, throughout the history.” And on March 9, 2020, a day before the assassination, he wrote: “Martyrs of the freedom and the homeland; the series of failing you continues!”




Azhar al-Shammari

Assassinated on May 9, 2020

Azhar al-Shammari was a human rights defender and a prominent figure who actively participated in the protests in al-Haboubi Square located in Nasiriyah, in Dhi Qar governorate. al-Shammari demanded an end to the corruption in Iraq and called for an improved standard of living in his city. He was attacked on Saturday, May 9, 2020, by an armed group who opened fire on him near his house in the center of Nasiriyah. He was seriously wounded and died the following day, May 10, 2020, in the hospital. In his last post on Facebook - shared earlier on the same day he was attacked - he shared photos of protesters crying, and commented: “#We_Know_We_Are_Dying.”




Dr.  Ali Mezher al-Ghazzi

Assassinated on June 10, 2020

Dr. Ali Mezher al-Ghazzi was a retired history professor who had taught in several universities across Iraq. He was attacked by gunmen on June 10, 2020 in al-Ikhlas Street in Nasriyah in Dhi Qar governorate. He was shot with seven bullets and was transferred to a hospital, where he lost his life two days later, on June 12, 2020. He is a father to the lawyers, Haider and Qusai al-Ghazzi, and the journalist Khaled al-Ghazzi. Dr. Al-Ghazzi supported the popular protests and actively published posts on his Facebook page condemning and rejecting the sectarian system and the corruption in Iraq. 




Hisham Al-Hashimi

Assassinated on July 6, 2020

On July 6, 2020, leading researcher and security analyst, Hisham Al-Hashimi,was assassinated. Mr. Al-Hashimi was an expert on terrorism, violent extremism, armed groups, and non-state actors in Iraq, including ISIL and militias. He was a vocal critic of the militias and had also voiced public support for the demonstrations that began on 1 October 2019. He was executed in his vehicle, outside his home while returning from a TV interview.




Tahsin Osama Presem Al-Shahmawi

Assassinated on August 14, 2020

Tahsin Osama Presem Al-Shahmawi, a demonstrator, civil activist and owner of the telecommunications company Shams Basra, was assassinated at his company headquarters on Friday, August 14, 2020. More than twenty shots pierced his body. The assassination was carried out by a terrorist gang in an unmarked white car parked in front of the building. The perpetrators belong to militias and the parties of the ruling regime. The martyr, father of four small children, had been actively involved in the protests from 2011 until the day of his murder. Before his death, he received 32 threatening messages through WhatsApp and more than 17 phone calls threatening to kill him. Although he informed Basra police of these threats a week before the attack, and although the police had the phone numbers of the perpetrators, no action was taken. His name was also included in a list of activists to be assassinated by the Iranian terrorist militias.




Wissam al-Dhahabi

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 15, 2020

Wissam al-Dhahabi, a media activist in his 40s, was a victim of a failed assassination attempt on August 15, 2020, near his home in Nasiriyah in Dhi War governorate. The activist was a distinguished media journalist in support of the protests and was therefore the target of terrorist militia.





Ali Salman al-Jabri

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 16, 2020

Ali Salman al-Jabri, an activist in his 20s, was subjected to a failed assassination attempt on August 16, 2020 in Nasriyah in Dhi Sar governorate. As an activist opposed to the Iranian occupation, he was targeted by the militia’s treacherous weapons.






Ruqia al-Dosari

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 17, 2020
Activist and engineer, Ruqia al-Dosari, estimated to be in her 20s, was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the evening of August 17, 2020, in central Basra. Since she is an oil engineer, she has access to documents and evidence that proves the involvement of parties and militias in corruption and the manipulation of oil production quantities and prices, thus rendering her a target for assassination.




Abbas Subhi, Lodia Raymond and Fahad Al Zubaidi

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 17, 2020

On August 17, 2020, the activists, Abbas Subhi, Lodia Raymond and Fahad Al Zubaidi, were on their way to attend the funeral of the activist Tahsin Osama Presem Al-Shahmawi when they were subjected to an assassination attempt. Terrorist gunmen in a white vehicle fired more than 15 bullets towards the activists´ car, injuring Abbas in his back and shooting Lodia in the leg. Fahad managed to escape unharmed. The vehicle of the gunmen in this assassination attempt is the same vehicle used by the gunmen in the assassination of Tahsin Osama Presem Al-Shahmawi.




Yasser Kathim

Assassination on August 17, 2020

Activist Yasser Kathim was assassinated by a pro-Iranian militant group on August 17, 2020, when he returned from the sit-in protest in Tahrir Square to his home, where he was shot four times in the chest and neck. He was taken to the City Medical Hospital for treatment, but died of his wounds a few days later. Yasser was one of the distinguished activists in the Coordination/Committee of Watni Haqqi (My country, my right) and was in charge of the Tent of Zahra, which prepared food and drink for the protesters in Tahrir Square. Yasser was the sole breadwinner of his family.




Saif Ali

Abduction on August 18, 2020

Saif Ali
, a photo acivist in his 20s, was abducted by armed militias after having received several threats from unknown accounts on social media, on August 18, 2020, in Basra governorate. He had been participating in the demonstrations demanding the release of detained activists. Death threats were posted on his Facebook page, threatening him not to publish the protest movement and suppression by the militias and ruling parties. He was released on Thursday, August 20,2020.




Mohsen al-Zaidi

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 19, 2020

Mohsen al-Zaidi was a victim of a failed assassination attempt at dawn on August 19, 2020, in Sumer Neighborhood in Nasiriyah in Dhi War governorate. His house was targeted by an explosive device by armed militias, causing severe damage to his house and car. His name is included in the list of assassinations published by Iran's terrorist militias.




Ayoub al-Khazraji

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 19, 2020

Media activist Ayoub al-Khazraji was a victim of a failed assassination attempt, on August 19, 2020, in his home in Baghdad. His home was shot at countless times by terrorist militias. He was targeted because he had an Instagram page in support of the protest movement showing the brutal role of militias and terrorist parties in suppressing protesters.




Intisar Obadi

Assassinated on August 19, 2020

Intisar Obadi, 32-year-old activist and paramedic, was shot by gunmen on a motorcycle in the evening of August 19, 2020, in Tahrir Square in Baghdad. She was shot twice in the abdominal area. She was subsequently transferred to Sheikh Zayed Hospital for treatment, but the unprofessional and inhuman treatment by the medical staff and the police protection of the hospital prompted one of the activists accompanying her to take her to al- Chawader Hospital in Al-Thawra city where she underwent surgery and her health is stable at present. The activist is named in the assassinations list prepared by the pro Iran terrorist militias and had been stabbed previously on July 11,2020.




Dr. Reham Yacoub

Assassinated on August 19, 2020

Dr. Reham Yacoub, a young and well-known doctor, nutritionist, and activist was assassinated on August 19, 2020. Long before her assassination, Dr. Reham Yacoub had informed the police of countless threats as well as attacks on her car, only to be turned away and not taken seriously. She was repeatedly accused of being a foreign agent of the U.S. and as such, a threat to Iraq and the Iraqi-Iranian relations. Reham had been involved in the protest movement since 2018 and led several women´s marches. She had previously appeared in an article of the Iranian newspaper Mehr, confirming that Iranian-linked militias are behind the assassinations of activists.




Hashim al-Jubouri

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 19, 2020

Hashim al-Jubouri was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the evening of August 19, 2020 in his car in Baghdad. Gunfire was shot at his car, but al-Jubouri tweeted that he was able to defend himself and survived the attempt of assassination.




Zidoon Emad

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 19, 2020

Zidoon Emad, estimated to be in his mid-20s, was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the evening of August 19, 2020 in his car in al-Saadoun Street in Baghdad. This was not the first attempted assassination of this activist. He was one of the first protesters in Tahrir square and operated the “Nazal Aghath Haqqi” tent. He also publicly attacked the militias, especially Hezbolaha militia, through his platform and for this reason, his name was on the list of assassinations prepared by these militias.




Dr. Adnan al-Kahar

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 20, 2020

Dr. Adnan al-Kahar was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the late night of August 20, 2020, in al-Qassem district in Babil governorate. He survived the assassination attempt together with the activists, Mohammaed Jaber and Dr. Mohammed al-Monsury, after being chased by armed men, who shot at their vehicle.





Mohammed Jaber

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 20, 2020

Mohammed Jaber was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the late night of August 20, 2020, in al-Qassem district in Babil governorate. He was together with Adnan al-Kahar and Dr. Mohammed al-Monsury, when they were chased by armed men.






Dr. Mohammed al-Monsury

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 20, 2020

Dr. Mohammed al-Monsury was a victim of a failed assassination attempt in the late night of August 20, 2020, in al-Qassem district in Babil governorate. He was with the activists Mohamed Jaber and Dr. Adnan al-Kahar, when they fled from gunshots fired at them. The activists were targeted because they were influential in the Babylon protest movement.




Dr. Hala al-Shammari

Failed Assassination Attempt on August 20, 2020

Dr. Hala al-Shammari was a victim of a failed assassination attempt on August 20, 2020, in Tahrir Square in Baghdad. Dr. Hala was attacked on her return home from the symbolic funeral in Tahrir Square for the martyr Dr. Riham Yacoub, who was killed in Basra.






Mustafa Al-Shaheen

Beaten on August 21, 2020

Journalist Mustafa Al-Shaheen was beaten by repressive government forces when he reported on the protest movement in front of the parliamentary office in downtown Basra on Friday evening, August 21, 2020. In Iraq, journalists are systematically arrested and attacked in order to silence and prevent them from reporting on the government's brutal repression of protesters.




Brutal Crackdowns on Large Groups of Protesters

On August 25, 2020, 12th grade high school students were assaulted and beaten by governmental forces and ministry guards outside the Ministry of Education in Baghdad. Gasoline was poured one of the students. One of the students was doused with gasoline. The students had protested and demanded that GPA scores be calculated instead of taking exams for fear that COVID-19 would otherwise spread among them during exams.

On August 29, 2020, in Baghdad outside the Ministry of Education, sixth-graders were beaten with rubber batons and stones. The schoolchildren demanded that the cumulative average be considered.  Government forces fired shots to disperse the students, burned their tents and smashed the car windows of passing citizens near the protest site. They also arrested 7 of the schoolchildren.

On 10 and 11 September 2020, peaceful demonstrators in the province of Babylon were subjected to a brutal crackdown by more than 5,000 security forces and militias. Live bullets were used to disperse the demonstrators. More than 40 protesters were arbitrarily arrested and subjected to beatings with rubber batons and other brutal forms of torture. The security forces and militias forced the detainees to sign unknown papers and threatened their families if they were to ever report to the media about the torture to which they were subjected. They were later released on expensive bail. Among the most prominent detainees are activists Dr. Dhargam Majid and Abdullah Al-Rikabi.


Yasin Al-Abadi

Arbitrarily Arrested on September 13, 2020

Activist Yasin Al-Abadi was arrested on September 13, 2020 by order of the Chief of Police of the Province of Babylon, after posting a video on Facebook criticizing a statement by the Interior Minister of the ruling regime, Othman al-Ghanimi, calling for the arrest of demonstrators blocking the streets. He was later released from prison. 




Sheelan Raoof

Assassinated on September 15, 2020

Sheelan Raoof, a 28-year-old pharmacist, and her parents, Dara Raoof and Alia Rasheed Najim, were assassinated inside their home in Al-Mansour area, west of Baghdad, on late Tuesday evening, September 15, 2020. Sheelan was a well-known civil activist and paramedic in Tahrir Square, who was actively participating in the anti-government protests and helping the wounded.



Group of Activists

Assaulted and Stabbed on September 19, 2020

On September 19, 2020, civil activists who were painting the Tahrir Tunnel in preparation for the celebration of the first anniversary of the start of the October Uprising, were brutally assaulted and stabbed by a gang of five members of the militias. The protesters in Tahrir Square managed to arrest two members of the gang who were then handed over to the Battaween police station. The others managed to flee.


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